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OMNIA POSSUM IN EO
CATHOLIC ARCHDIOCESE OF YANGON
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PEACE BE WITH YOU
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21st Sunday of the Year

JESUS -  The Image of the Invisible God, 

the liberator and the healer of all our maladies

Sermon preached by Cardinal Charles Maung Bo., Yangon, Myanmar.

 

First Reading    :   Is: 22:19-23   I will place the keys of the house of David on his shoulders 

Second Reading:  From God and through him and for him are all things

Gospel                         :   You are Peter, and to you  I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven    

 

Dear Brothers  and  Sisters in Christ,

May the blessings of the eternal healer Jesus Christ be upon all of you.  Jesus is our God, redeemer, saviour and liberator.  But we need him today as our Healer.

 May the hand that blessed the lame, the blind, the sick and raised the dead,   be upon each one of you, bless you, heal you and protect you in these challenging times.  Jesus is the healer, consoler and we need his healing hand now.

The readings today ask us  to affirm our understanding of Jesus.  Jesus asks his disciples:  Who do you say that I am?  These are the challenging times, COVID is like the evil serpent gulping down all that is sacred. As the faith seems to take a beating, Jesus asks each one of us: 

Who do you say that I am?

This question proves so difficult at this time.  COVID leaves nothing intact.  Every belief and every tenant of faith has come under attack.  Pessimists have interpreted  COVID as a punishment from Jesus.   Fringe preachers are filling their coppers with fire and brimstone thundering about the ‘wrath of God.’ Chinese communist party went to the other extreme.  Denying God, they also denied the dignity of their people and others.  God’s intervention was never needed for them.  Millions suffer. There are others, seeking the intervention of God.  Pope is leading the way in hoping this COVID will give way  to a new world of justice and prosperity as per the Kingdom values of Jesus.

History is clear.  Jesus is the maker of history. History has a cleavage with his birth, as BC and AD.  Before Christ, Year of the Lord. The carpenter’s son who was born in a manger and died on a cross and buried in a borrowed grave is today nurtured in the hearts of billions.  The man who died on the cross abandoned by his own followers has more than a billion followers today.   The man who wrote no books gets his story written by millions, his  Good news is propagated by millions of theological books.  

The man who said “foxes have their holes, the birds of the air have their nests and Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head” is honoured in millions of churches and thousands of scintillating cathedrals.  The man who had asked his disciples to put back the sword in their sheath and asked them to show the other cheek when attacked, provokes fear and anxiety in the minds of dictators and systems.  The man who sadly asked his disciples  ‘ will you also go away?’   has thousands willing to die for him as martyrs.  

Christ is historical, Christ is trans-historical. 

Jesus of History is a real wonder.  Real nemesis for all the rationalistic pretenders.  Even for those who consider him only as a special human person,  Jesus continues to be a great wonder.    His hold on the faith and belief of billions through the millennium perplexes history.   Human history, spirituality, politics, faith has never been the same after the phenomenon of Jesus.  History struggles to understand him and his impact.

But for a believer  - Jesus is the Lord.   Jesus is the  confession of faith of Peter  in the Gospel narration today : 

You are Christ, Son of the living God.

Christ is the Living God, existed before the creation of the world.  Christ is the visible image of the invisible God. Christ is the alpha and the Omega.  Christ is the saviour and Christ is the Liberator.   No human destiny escapes him, no human desire can be fulfilled without him.   

Christ remains an enigma  - even to non-Christians.  Adding to the confusion there are thousands of denominations claiming to follow the same Christ.   Even a great soul like Mahathma Gandhi once said:  I like Christ,  it is only the Christians I don’t understand.  Even the rabid anti-Christian philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche grudgingly acknowledged the greatness of Christ:  “In truth, there was only one Christian and he died on the cross’.

History notesJesus  is presented as homeless, property-less, peripatetic, socially marginal, disdainful of kinfolk, without a trade or occupation, a friend of outcasts and averse to material possessions, without fear for his own safety, a thorn in the side of the Establishment and a scourge of the rich and powerful.’

So the question returns to us, amidst the gloom of modern antipathy and the gripping sorrow of  COVID:  Who is Jesus today to every one of us?

The Bible gives us a clear understanding.   He is the fulfilment of God’s promise from the beginning of creation,  a promise repeated through great prophets.  He is the Emmanuel, God is with us.   His birth was foretold by  God’s Angels.

Christ’s mission was foretold by prophets.    He is both the Redeemer who comes to save us from eternal damnation and also the liberator who would stand for the dignity of human beings,  proclaiming a Gospel of  Justice. Jesus is

a.    Saviour who redeems us from the yoke of Sin. 

In one of the most popular Bible verses, John 3:16-17 says, "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. He has reconciled humanity with God.

b.   A Liberator who releases us from all kinds of man-made Evils

The  Old Testament God was projected as the God of Justice, who cares about the ‘poor, orphan and the stranger’.  Prophets like Isaiah had foretold the mission of Jesus.  Jesus would himself proclaim his mission as Liberator of humanity from all man-made evils. In the often-quoted passage,  originally seen in Isaiah,  Luke would bring the scene of Jesus in  Galilee proclaiming his mission as:   Good news to the poor and liberation to the oppressed and freeing the captives.

This reality of Jesus as the saviour and liberator and the living God is often diluted by the way modern men and women look at Jesus.    There are many abbreviations.

Devotees and Disciples, Fans and Followers.   

Jesus is a commitment.  Commitment to God’s Kingdom.  While history and traditional religious practices sometimes reduce Jesus  to a  statue  worthy of adoration,  Jesus demands  more   :

Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.  (Mathew 7:21).

This commitment  implies  suffering, hardship as the cost of discipleship :

If you want to be my disciples, Take up your cross and follow Me” (Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23)"

Christ was a challenge to the powers of Rome, powers of darkness.  Followers of Christ showed the intensity and vibrancy of a risen Jesus in their lives through their witness and proclamation of Good news and their dream of the Kingdom of God. For this, they were willing to shed their blood.  Tertullian said the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Church.    Discipleship is the identity of those who believe in Jesus. He is seeking disciples for the Kingdom, not devotees who seek favours through worship.

Early Christianity started not with a plastic Jesus venerated by hundreds of docile devotees inside a secure space but it was started by disciples who believed in a living God.  They set the world on fire with His message of love and equality.     A true Christian is not to be a fan of Jesus but to be a  follower of Jesus.   Every Christian is a missionary, a man and woman committed to the establishment of God’s Kingdom.  Devotees seek something from Jesus.  Disciples do great things in the name of Jesus for  Kingdom God.  As  the German philosopher, Dietrich Bonhoeffer says: “Christianity without discipleship is Christianity  without Christ.”  The plastic  Christianity has made many atheists and provokes the fast secularization today.  One Mother Teresa without a single sermon - but only by her great witness of service - could bring the message of Jesus to millions in India and everywhere.  That is discipleship.   Only disciples could echo the confession of  Peter:  You are truly the Son of God.   That comes through experiencing Jesus as the intimate God.

 

Speaking about Jesus and Speaking Jesus

Jesus is healer, a consoler, the image of the invisible God, the lamb of God who was sacrificed on the Cross for the salvation of the world.   The disciples, like Peter, experienced his presence.   Peter could exclaim in total ecstasy “ You are the Son of God.” 

 

Jesus is an experience.  Many prosperity gospel people have made him a commodity to be sold in the electronic media.  Many people are talking ABOUT  Jesus.  To those people, Jesus asks the question:  Who do you say that I am?  Their answer comes from theology books.   They talk endlessly  ABOUT Jesus.  They do not talk Jesus, the exhilarating and life-changing experience of meeting the living God.

 

Jesus is an experience through personal encounter.    Pope Benedict, before his retirement, was spearheading a vibrant movement called  NEW EVANGELIZATION.  He urged every evangelized to become the evangelizer.   The first step, Pope Benedict insisted was a  personal encounter with Jesus.   A true Christian does not EXPLAIN the dogma of Jesus from archaic theology but he shares the EXPERIENCE  of a living God. Like the Samaritan woman, like Zacchaeus, like the women who encountered him at the grave after the resurrection, like the disciples on the way to Emmaus who encountered  Jesus and became disciples of his Kingdom, Christ is a life-changing experience.   More than anyone, Saul who metamorphosed into Paul at the encounter of Jesus would become the greatest apostle of his Gospel. Paul’s  encounter would teach him to  say, "He [Christ] is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation." (Colossians 1:15), Jesus provides eternal hope, through God's grace, for everyone who believes He is Lord.  That is Christianity. An experience that makes those who experience to go and proclaim “ Jesus is the Lord”  as Paul did.

 

Sadly such a  Christianity faces the greatest challenge from inside:  thousands of denominations, vying with one another for ‘stealing sheep’ and ‘ fighting for tithes’ have packaged  Christ into various shapes confusing the non-Christians.  In various scandalous ways, Christ is presented.  Someone painfully indicated  five “P” s have made  Christ and his message a travesty of the true Gospel: The true image of Jesus is crucified by modern Judases with five wounds as

1.    Plastic Jesus: The Jesus who stays only in statues for devotion, not provoking discipleship.  Jesus who failed to inspire the evangelization mandate. 

2.    Prosperity Jesus:  Successful repackaging the message of the carpenter’s son into a commodity by  Tele evangelists,  bringing abhorrence to eastern religions.  Mega rich evangelistic Christianity is a deterrence to the spread of Christianity in the east.

3.    Project Jesus:  Preaching, conversion and setting up churches is  similar to the NGO activity with ‘professionalism’ forgetting that the original church was built by fishermen and tent builders who believed “when I am weak, I am strong.’

4.    Politicians’ Jesus:  In countries like  US  Jesus is fragmented by the cultural warriors for their own political ambitions. The line between faith and politics is blurred.  Bible is shamelessly used as a convenient vote bank ATM card.

5.    Persecuting Jesus:  Attributing disasters and pandemics to the anger of Jesus and preaching a fearsome rapture and end times and a God who chooses only a few as the ‘chosen’ one leaving others to eternal damnation.

 

Jesus remains betrayed by many modern Judases,  who heard his word, who broke bread with him, who saw his miracles, his simple life, his love for the poor and yet selling him for piece of silver, preaching a divisive  Jesus whose message increasingly contested by many.

 

To all  Jesus once again asks the question: 

Who do you say that I am?

 

Jesus chose to build his church on Peter, the rock.  Catholic Church has an unbroken tradition of that choice.  Its faith journey is long, as Pope Francis constantly exhorts  ‘ moving from an insecure, inward-looking church into a church that goes out  and comes back bruised and broken with the smell of the sheep.” 

 The church of Jesus will mainstream three other “P’s.

1.    Proclaiming Jesus and Kingdom of God :  A church that lives according to the Word, proclaiming the Good News of  God’s Kingdom and Jesus as the only God.  It will know the  ‘word that became flesh and dwelt among us,’ and live the values of the Bible.

2.    Preaching an integrated Evangelization of Salvation and Liberation :  A church that would not betray Jesus by its obsession with saving ‘only’ souls when the body is mutilated by racial hatred, poverty, starvation and inhumanity.  A church that upholds the uncompromising value that every human being is created in God’s image.

3.    Poor Centred Church :  As Pope Francis desired  church  needs to preach a Jesus who was worried about ‘ a  church of the poor, for the poor,’  a church that would preach Jesus the Good Shepherd who went in search of the least and the lost.   In a world of massive inequalities and abundant wealth to a few, the Jesus projected by the Church needs to reflect the sermon on the Mount : Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for  Justice.

COVID has forced us to be together in our generosity and some times through our fears.  But it also has posed great questions to our existence, our faith and our priorities.  During these challenging times, the Gospel of today throws one of the most challenging questions,  Jesus asking:  Who do you say that I am?

The answer to that question will determine our personal lives, our faith life and our life as human family in  the most expected Post Covid Era.

 

Maranatha, Come Lord Jesus,  Heal this planet, help us to follow you more closely.

 

God Bless you all.

 

 

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